Number of Passengers in Musashi Kosugi Increases 180% in 5 Years Results of the 12th Urban Transport Census

Increase in Female Commuters in All Urban Centers

The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism has announced the results of the Urban Transport Census. Started in 1960, the Urban Transport Census is conducted every 5 years to review public transportation policies. The data announced this time was analyzed from the 12th census performed in 2015. We would like to discuss a few of the characteristics than can be seen from the analysis.


Looking at railroad commutes to work, we can see increases in passengers in all investigated regions, Tokyo, Chukyo (Nagoya), and Kinki (Osaka, Kyoto, Kobe). Especially in the Tokyo area, there was a major increase from 6.29 million to 6.82 million passengers. However, the average distance traveled decreased.


When looking at the gender of passengers using rail commuter tickets, we can see that there is a general increase in female passengers from the last census in all regions. In the Tokyo and Kinki regions, the number of male passengers dropped, but stayed constant in the Chukyo region. Comparing the overall ratio of men to women, the census shows that female passengers gaining a larger percentage. In 2015, the percentage of females was 43% in Tokyo, 47% in Chukyo, and 47% in Kinki. We can see that the gap in the ratios between men and women is closing.


In addition, looking at the age and gender of commuter ticket holders, we can see an increase in women in all age groups over 20s. For men, there was a total increase in 20s and 65+ year-old groups, but a decrease in 30 - 64 year-olds.

Growing Transportation Needs due to Large-Scale Development

Changes in passengers can be seen between 2010 and 2015 in areas with condominium development or large-scale urban projects.


For example, in the Toyosu area of Koto Ward, Tokyo, there have been a number of residential, commercial, cultural, and amusement re-development projects in coordination with the Toyosu Market that have made this a lively district. According to Misui Fudosan, currently the "Toyosu 2-Chome Station Area Type 1 City Street Re-Development Project" is underway, and several office, commercial, and hotel complexes are expected to be completed by 2020. Although the total number of passengers taking the train from the Toyosu area decreased slightly from 15,067 to 14,840 compared to the previous survey, the number of passengers ending their commute soared 130% by 46,323 rrom 35,887.


The "Oshiage, Narihirabashi Station Area Plan" is pushing forward, and one can see a similar increase in the need for transportation from the Tokyo Skytree area due to the maintenance of commercial tourism facilities, offices, and residential developments. Passengers starting here increased from 7,793 by 9,858, and passengers finishing their commutes increased by 11,835 from 9,642.


Additionally, the rapid developments in the Kawasaki / Musashikosugi areas with access to 5 train lines have lead to increases of 34,670 from 19,330, almost 180%

What are the Peak Train Commuting Times in the 3 Tokyo Central Wards

Finally, let's take a look at the peak commuting times for employees.


The largest percentage (38.1%) of the morning commute in Tokyo is between 8:46 and 9:00 AM. Next is 8:16 to 8:30 AM with 19.4% and 9:16 to 9:30 AM with 12.4%. The 8:46 to 9:00 AM span is also the largest in the Kinki and Chukyo regions. 43.5% of destinations for the 8:46 to 9:00 AM commuters were the Chiyoda, Chuo, and Minato (3 Central Tokyo Wards), so it is easy to see that commutes are heavily concentrated on these areas and times.


In Tokyo, the "Jisa Biz" (時差Biz) campaign is in place to relieve congestion in the packed trains. Approximately 320 companies participated in Jisa Biz during the promotion phase from 11 - 25 July 2017. The official report from Jisa Biz stated that "it could be seen that congestion was relieved in some stations." We would like to see if some of the stress can be taken off of more stations and particular times.


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Originally published on LIFULL HOME'S PRESS on June 10, 2018

Translated by LIFULL International Investments Group